What do we should construct cottage? We shall draw - we shall live, - everyone know these lines from a children's poem. But only not many know, that this most we "shall draw" as a matter of fact is half of success of construction. In fact even to make a small house for a birdy of type of a starling house, it is necessary though somehow to estimate a parity of walls, size of an input, etc. So then to speak about such construction as a cottage? All Here should be stipulated: and rooms for all members of family, and kitchen, and as technical premises. And too it is not bad to think of a lay-out of an adjoining site in advance. So, first question which should to you be solved in connection with forthcoming construction, will be connected with designing a cottage.
Designing of a cottage occurs in some stages and can be presented by following concepts: your idea, architectural project, building project which will include complete set of design drawings and complete set of drawings and documentation on engineering systems. We shall consider these concepts more in detail.
The idea is a set of yours « I want, that was here so ». Here it is not necessary to reflect on conformity of volumes, used materials and an arrangement of cesspools especially. Let it will be flight of your imagination as which terminators only individual wishes of each of members of family can serve, yes thickness of your purse. rest - business of professionals. Having received from you exhaustive information that you wish to receive as a result, competent architects will start second design stage of a cottage, namely to a part designated as architectural project. Here already it is necessary to design in details ïîýòàæíîå an arrangement of rooms, facades, to think over used materials, and as to take care of that your cottage was looked harmoniously on a background of surrounding district. At this stage you should supply with following drawings and documents: Plans of floors, architectural cuts, facades, situational plan and general plan and as explanatory note should be applied on all to it.
But meanwhile your house still exists in somebody metaphysical sense and neither to concrete district, nor to any systems of communications is not adhered. Here third design stage of a cottage - creation of building project also begins. It is important meaning that on it will depend, on how many in your cottage it will be convenient from point of view of engineering and communication systems. At this stage experts will develop following details: plan and cuts of base, projects of overlappings, plan of development of ventilating channels, sheet and drawings of crosspieces, plans of a design of a roof, and as projects of all constructive elements (for example, êðûëåö).
So, designing of a cottage is completed. On hands you have a heap of drawings and plans. There is a question: that now with all it to do. Most easier, certainly, to give same civil engineering firm - let to itself realize in a life your dream in conformity with all plans. And all would be remarkable, if before it it was not necessary to pass one more small, but, alas, not always pleasant procedure - authentication of all these papers in corresponding instances. As a result you receive one paper with proud name « Passport of project » which should be approved in local management of architecture and town-planning. However if most in all this bustle to be engaged it would not be desirable, firm-builder can offer you services as agreed project or advise you firm, engaged decision of similar questions. As a rule, solid organizations have courses of action so, all this procedure will borrow from them much less time, than at you. And main thing, they can save to you weight of energy and nerves that is important.
Now, when project is approved, you need to wait only terminations of construction and to be pleased to new house!
The cottage is not simply four walls, a floor and a ceiling. cottage is that place where to you it is cosy where to you are always glad where it is possible to forget about all vanity of world around. Therefore, getting a country house or a cottage, it is necessary to lean on sensations as much as possible. In fact if cottage at once has not arranged you, law « will be endured - will be grown fond » here hardly will help.
But process of a choice of a cottage exclusively by visual criteria will be infinite and what to do, if you wish to construct a cottage under individual project. How to be? For beginning it is necessary to see simply all projects of cottages which architect of that building office where you have decided to address can offer you. However here again you can receive weight of variants, choose from which house of dream rather inconveniently. Therefore, before to break to viewing projects of cottages, be defined for itself, from what material your house will be executed. Standardly it is offered on a choice following variants: a cottage from a tree, from a brick, frame house or combined.
Each project, undoubtedly, has advantages. So, brick cottage is under construction how to be spoken, forever. In such house it will be possible to not worry about major overhaul, at least, years 100. So, all means enclosed in it with interest will pay back. wooden cottage is carried out, as a rule, from a bar and does not require external and internal furnish. Though it is frequent for increase characteristics and a dense forest of an aesthetics such houses a brick or decorative.
The European suburban small houses, with sticking out, painted in dark color, bearing bars and white are familiar to all. These small houses can serve as a bright illustration to such concept as a frame cottage. Ease and, simultaneously, durability. Knowingly these designs were so highly are estimated in Europe. These designs are good that walls in them practically do not bear any loading so, inside of house of a wall can be located somehow or at all be absent.
The combined variant of a cottage represents symbiosis of brick and wooden cottages. strong bottom from a brick allows to experiment wooden top. Beauty and convenience - here distinctive features of such project.
The competent project of a cottage should provide all up to trifles: appearance of house, an internal arrangement of rooms and technical premises, plans of engineering communications and a lay-out of a personal plot. Therefore in a correct architectural workshop at you first of all will take an interest about topographical features of district, hydro-geological conditions, presence of roads, electrosupply, etc. Cottage is all house for seasonal residing, however, at desire, there it is possible to live and in winter. Therefore in project internal sources of heating should be precisely specified all. Usually it happens system of water heating, but application of fireplaces and furnaces is possible also.
Water supply in a cottage usually goes from a well or a chink, water drain represents local âûãðåá. Electroposting carry out open or closed type.
Not a unimportant detail at designing cottages is quantitative structure of family. In fact in this house of a place should suffice all! Therefore to divide rooms it is better in project and to coordinate it with members of family. That after construction it has not turned out, that someone have lodged in a room which in project has been designated as a closet. If you have conceived a two-storeyed cottage is better to provide rooms for elderly members of family on a ground floor. Reasonable distribution of rooms will allow to use space of a cottage most functionally and salutarily to be reflected in its appearance.
As a rule, area of a cottage êîëåáëåòñÿ from 100 up to 150 m2 so, places in your house should suffice all.